Dog Breeds


The diminutive Affenpinscher is a lot of dog in a small package. Known as the “monkey dog” for its distinctive appearance, it is a comical character that nonetheless takes itself quite seriously, being a fearless guard dog. It is easy to care for in terms of exercise and grooming requirements, and can adapt to indoor living, but it does not enjoy the company of children.

Afghan Hound

The reserved and elegant Afghan Hound is one of the oldest of the dog breeds still in existence, having been prized for its abilities as a hunter in the rugged terrain of Afghanistan for many centuries. Today, the breed is among the most visually striking of the breeds, but requires a great deal of time in grooming and exercise.

Airedale Terrier

The Airedale Terrier is the largest of the terrier breeds and originates from Yorkshire as a multi-purpose farm, hunting and guard dog. It has a strong, independent character and is courageous and extremely loyal and protective of its family. The Airedale is an active dog and requires plenty of exercise and experienced handlers, but is generally a healthy breed.

Akita Inu

The Akita Inu is a strong, brave, and loyal dog originally from Japan. Akitas are protective of their family and are a trustworthy companion, being both docile and affectionate. They are reserved with other people and can be dominant and aggressive toward other animals. They require an early an effective socialization and a firm hand to keep their strong and wilful temperament under control.

Alaskan Husky

The Alaskan Husky is not a pedigree breed, but rather a type of dog, normally used for competitive dog sledding in North America. Hugely energetic, they require a very active owner to satisfy their exercise requirements. They are known as very affectionate dogs, but can be difficult to train, and have a tendency to excessive vocalisation.

Alaskan Malamute

Built to survive and thrive in Arctic conditions, the Alaskan Malamute has adapted to living as a loving, friendly and outgoing companion dog. Not dependable with small pets or other dogs, but will fit well into life with an active family, as long as the owner is experienced enough to provide the strong pack leadership the breed requires.

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier is a sturdy dog of imposing looks but gentle and friendly nature towards humans. They are true companion dogs, they love children, and are active dogs that need both mental and physical stimulation. Confident and strong, Pit Bulls are great athletes and working dogs, performing brilliantly as police, search and rescue, and service dogs.

Australian Cattle Dog

The Australian Cattle Dog is a highly intelligent dog, bred to herd wild cattle with tenacity and courage. As a pet, it makes a devoted and fiercely loyal companion, bonding very strongly to one individual. The breed has a strict requirement for hours of daily exercise, and will quickly become bored and destructive if under-stimulated. It has a natural tendency to mouthiness and biting, which must be discouraged from puppyhood.

Australian Kelpie

Developed as farm dogs from a mix of collies and the occasional dingo, Australian Kelpies are among the most clever of the modern breeds, and are ideally suited to working as herders, assistance dogs, and in the emergency services. They make great pets for active owners and are adaptable to many different living situations, but need constant company and vast amounts of exercise.

Australian Shepherd

Despite its name, the Australian Shepherd was first bred on the farms of the Rocky Mountains. It has since become a hugely popular pet for its intelligence and personality, but it retains a working dog’s need for a lot of exercise and a sense of purpose. If adequately stimulated, it makes a wonderful family pet, but it is prone to boredom, which can lead to problem behaviours.

Australian Silky Terrier

The Australian Silky Terrier is a toy breed in stature, but a big dog at heart, and its origins as a vermin hunter have endowed it with a typical terrier attitude. This little dog enjoys being at the centre of family life, though it prefers the company of adults, and is a vocal and effective watch dog.


A hunting dog, not far removed from the wilds of Africa, the Basenji is a unique pet in many respects. While not capable of barking in the manner of other dogs, Basenjis are quite vocal and expressive. Suited to families or individuals with the time and space to deal with high energy levels, but care must be taken to contain their drive to wander and to hunt.

Basset Hound

The Basset Hound is a medium sized breed with a placid and affectionate temperament. It was originally bred in France for tracking animals during hunts over large distances and has an exceptional sense of smell. It has a short coat, which requires minimal grooming, but can be prone to skin problems due to excessive wrinkles in addition to some other health problems. The Basset Hound is exceptionally good with children and other animals.


The Beagle is small sized hound, which is gentle, intelligent and good natured. The modern Beagle was developed in Great Britain but has since proved enormously popular in the USA and Canada, as well as around the world. Beagles are exceptionally good with children and make good family pets, but can suffer from separation anxiety. They need a medium amount of exercise and do not require any specialist grooming. They suffer from some inherited health problems so selection of a healthy family line is important.

Bernese Mountain Dog

The Bernese Mountain Dog is a large, docile breed with an extremely good nature. Originally developed in Switzerland as an all round farm dog the breed has a thick coat, which can shed heavily but does not require specialist grooming. It is very loyal and likes to be part of the household, getting on well with children and other pets. The Bernese Mountain Dog can suffer from several health problems and lives on average for around 7 - 8 years.

Bichon Frise

The Bichon Frise is a small breed, which belongs to the toy group. The breed is intelligent with a happy, lively and extremely sociable character. It was originally from the island of Tenerife but was later developed in France. The Bichon Frise is fantastic with children and makes an excellent companion but can suffer separation anxiety. The breed ideally needs professional grooming and can suffer from some inherited health problems so selection of a healthy family line is important.


Bloodhounds are gentle and loving dogs with a distinctive appearance due to their wrinkles, long, droopy ears, and hanging eyes. They are famous for their impressive sense of smell and are used by the police for tracking people, being able to follow a scent for a long time and over long distances. At home, they are excellent pets, very fond of children, and friendly towards other animals.

Border Collie

The Border Collie is an English dog breed characterized by its tireless energy and stamina, and incredible intelligence, that puts it in the top list of the smartest dogs. They flourished as herding dogs, and are known for their staring gaze and herding tendencies, but they also make wonderful family pets. They are affectionate, loyal, and easily bonded to people. They require a large amount of both mental and physical stimuli in order to develop their full potential and be happy dogs.

Border Terrier

The Border Terrier is a friendly, active, hardy, small breed of dog, with a wheaten, red, grizzle or blue-coloured, rough-textured outer coat. The Border Terrier loves to do all of the things you would expect a dog to do – dig, run, jump, bark, eat and chase cats. The Border Terrier is a loving, cheerful companion, and an excellent playmate for children.

Boston Terrier

The Boston Terrier is a small, lively breed with an exceptionally sociable nature which makes them excellent companions. Originating from the USA, the Boston Terrier was influenced by several other bull and terrier breeds. It has minimal grooming requirements and lives to around 12 years old. It has some health problems and is a brachycephalic breed which can have problems breathing so care should be taken to avoid hot or stressful conditions.


The Boxer is a medium sized dog that originates from Germany where it was originally used for hunting and then by the army in World War I. The Boxer has a playful, happy character but is, at the same time, fearless and protective of its family. Boxers are energetic dogs and need consistent training and plenty of exercise. They can suffer from some health problems, so careful selection of healthy family lines is important.

Bull Terrier

The Bull Terrier and Miniature Bull Terrier are physically very similar but are differentiated by their size. They are fun loving, charming dogs which can be independent and stubborn. They were originally developed as a fighting dog in England, but despite this, they do not look for trouble. They require minimal grooming and get on well with children. The breed does suffer from some health problems so selection of a healthy family line is important.


One of Britain's oldest native breeds the Bulldog is now primarily a companion dog. A stout, thick-set dog, the Bulldog was bred for bull-baiting, but after this was banned, a more affectionate, gentle nature was selected for. Bulldogs are good with children and do not require lots of exercise but are prone to some health problems, so careful selection of healthy family lines is key.


The Bullmastiff is a powerful, fearless guardian, but also a loyal and affectionate pet. Dependable with children and other pets, and reserved with strangers, the breed is an excellent choice of family pet for those with the space to accommodate them. They require little grooming, but produce a lot of drool! A moderate amount of exercise is required to keep them in good shape.

Cairn Terrier

The intrepid and brave Cairn Terrier was bred in the Scottish Highlands for its tenacity and hardiness while pursuing prey, but it has a special place in any family home as a sweet, intelligent, and charming companion, suitable for adults and young children alike. The characteristic wiry coat requires little effort to maintain, and sheds very little, making the Cairn suitable for indoor living.

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is a modern breed modelled on a toy hunting spaniel beloved of Charles II. The breed is dependably good-natured, cheerful and eager to please, making it an ideal family pet. It thrives on human contact, and should not be left alone for long periods, but is very adaptable to many different living situations.


The Chihuahua is the smallest breed of dog which originates from Mexico. It has recently risen to popularity due to its small size and ability to make a good companion. They come in two coat types and do not require any specialist grooming. Chihuahuas enjoy company and can be prone to separation anxiety. They are not an appropriate dog for families with small children as they can be snappy. Chihuahuas have a long life span but can still suffer from some health problems.

Chinese Crested Dog

The Chinese Crested Dog might look like an attention-grabbing fashion accessory, but in fact is an ancient breed used to control rats and mice in its native China. Clever and nimble, it is an able competitor in canine sports, and also an affectionate dog that needs constant companionship. Its unique coat requires regular grooming to prevent skin problems.

Chow Chow

Fierce and stubborn, regal and fearless, the Chow Chow is an ancient breed originating in the Far East. While not necessarily the dog for everyone, this unique breed offers experienced owners unfailing loyalty and protection. Chows require early and ongoing socialisation and firm handling to ensure their strong temperaments do not lead to behavioural problems.

Cocker Spaniel

The Cocker Spaniel is a small sized, energetic, gentle and affectionate breed, developed in England to flush Woodcocks out of undergrowth during shoots. A highly trainable breed, which is willing to please the Cocker Spaniel requires plenty of exercise and is good with children. It has a coat that can shed heavily so requires frequent brushing and may require the odd visit to the groomers. The breed can be affected by some health problems so selection of a healthy family line is important.


Collies are medium to largesized dogs with a long muzzle and light head, originally used as sheep herding dogs in Scotland. There are two varieties of Collies: a long-haired version (Rough Collie) and a short-haired variety (Smooth Collie). Collies are sensitive and intelligent dogs, naturally protective of their family, having a strong intuition for anticipating troublesome situations. Collies are active dogs and excellent athletes.


The Standard and Miniature Dachshund are small dogs and can both come with 3 different coat types – none of which require large amounts of grooming. The breed originates from Germany and was developed for hunting but it now a popular companion dog around the world. Dachshunds are intelligent but can be stubborn and sometimes difficult to train and require plenty of mental stimulation in addition to exercise. They can suffer from some health problems but special care should be taken to protect their backs as they are prone to spinal problems.


Dalmatians are a friendly, intelligent, athletic breed of dog with a distinctive spotted coat, that make for excellent family pets as long as they are given plenty of opportunity to exercise. The Dalmatian does not require a large amount of grooming, and suffers from relatively few health problems, however, the most common health problems are deafness and urinary stones.


The Doberman is a medium-large dog with an imposing posture and alert attitude. Dobermans are loyal guard dogs, with a natural protective instinct towards their owners. They are very intelligent, learn quickly, and are kind and gentle, despite their bad reputation. They are used by the police and the military, but they also make excellent therapy dogs and, of course, wonderful family pets.

Dogue de Bordeaux

The Dogue de Bordeaux is gentle giant with his family, but a fearsome protector when required. These huge dogs are docile and calm around the home, and are usually dependable with children, but need a firm and confident owner to channel their instincts as guard dogs in a healthy direction. They are generally easy to care for, but are heavy droolers.

English Foxhound

The English Foxhound is a long-established hunting dog with incredible stamina, courage and tenacity. It is a very sociable breed that will fit well into homes with large families or other dogs. The Foxhound is energetic, and makes an excellent companion for exercise enthusiasts, though it can cope with a less active lifestyle as long as access to a garden is provided.

English Mastiff

The Mastiff is the largest of all the dog breeds, but is as gentle as he is big. The breed is remarkably patient with children, and protective of its family members, with a long history as a guardian and “dog of war”. They do not require much exercise, and so can learn to live indoors, despite their large size.

English Pointer

The English Pointer, known for its characteristic “pointing stance”, is a tireless and courageous hunting dog, which requires a large amount of exercise. However, it is also an intelligent and easy-going companion, affectionate and attentive, and very well-suited to life as a pet in an energetic family. Pointers require little grooming and usually mix well with other animals and people.

English Setter

English Setters are gun dogs initially used for hunting birds. Active and highly energetic, English Setters are great dogs for those who enjoy the outdoors, as they are the perfect mates for hiking and running. The English Setter is kind and gentle, a good family dog that is fond of children and other pets. They can smell exceptionally and are also known for their good memory.

English Shepherd

The English Shepherd is a versatile working dog native to the United States. It excels in many different jobs, including herding, hunting, search and rescue, and agility. The breed’s high intellect and energy levels mean it can be difficult to provide the necessary stimulation when it is kept as a pet, but it is a loyal and devoted companion in the right setting.

English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniels are gun dogs that were initially bred for hunting. They are attached to their owners, to whom they are devoted and loyal. They are loving and charming dogs, although they may be dominant and not always very fond of other pets. They are an active breed and need frequent exercise and playful activities to stimulate them and keep them happy and healthy.


The Eurasier is one of the youngest breeds to have gained international recognition. It is a highly intelligent companion dog that is intensely loyal and devoted to its family, with whom it needs constant contact. Though reserved with strangers, it is rarely aggressive, and is very reliable with other pets. It needs relatively little exercise, and is a well-mannered dog within the home.

Fox Terrier

There are two types of Fox Terrier, the Smooth Fox Terrier and the Wire Fox Terrier, the main difference being, of course, their coat type. They are small dogs with a big personality, requiring plenty of exercise. Both breeds have a long lifespan and are affected by relatively few health problems. Fox Terriers are intelligent and learn quickly, but must have a stimulating environment, as they become bored quickly.

French Bulldog

The French Bulldog is sociable and small but sturdy looking dog with a playful and friendly nature. They originated from the Toy Bulldog but were subsequently developed in France and America. Today they are an immensely popular companion dog, which does not require large amounts of exercise and has a coat which is easy to care for. The breed does suffer from several health problems so careful selection of healthy lines is important.

French Spaniel

The French Spaniel is a calm, docile, and extremely loyal dog with a long and noble history. An adaptable and intelligent breed, it is a versatile hunter and a loving family pet that is extremely sociable and good with other dogs. It is an energetic breed, and needs regular exercise and outdoor space to explore.

German Pinscher

The German Pinscher was a vermin-hunting farm dog in its native Germany, and is an intelligent, confident, and assertive companion. With its strong character, it may not be the ideal choice for a novice owner, but with sufficient commitment to training and socialisation, it can become a devoted pet and a very capable guard dog.

German Shepherd

The German Shepherd is a large, athletic and intelligent breed of dog that has impressive versatility in its ability to be trained for a variety of purposes, including as a police dog, as guide dog for the blind, and as a faithful family pet. The German Shepherd is an active dog and requires more than 2 hours of exercise per day.

German Shorthaired Pointer

Stylish and regal, German Shorthaired Pointers are all-purpose dogs developed for hunting. They are highly energetic and need tons of outdoors exercise. They are also attentive towards their family, developing a strong bond with their owners, to whom they are loyal and affectionate. The German Shorthaired Pointer gets along well with other dogs, but has a strong prey drive towards small pets.

Golden Retriever

The Golden Retriever is a large, friendly, affectionate, gentle dog which was originally bred for retrieving during shoots. It has an exceptionally good character and is highly trainable, and great with children. The breed is very active and requires lots of exercise. It has a medium length coat, which can shed heavily and also suffers from some health problems.

Gordon Setter

The Gordon Setter is a confident and self-assured dog originating from Scotland. The largest of the setter family, it is an independent-minded and stubborn dog that rewards consistency with affection and loyalty. While it is often not keen on the company of other dogs, it is good with children and very protective of them. This breed needs a lot of exercise.

Great Dane

The Great Dane is a giant dog breed developed around the 16th century in Germany and refined until today to be the graceful, noble-like, and gentle dog we know. They were initially bred to hunt wild boars, but its function disappeared over time, as well as the aggressiveness required for the task. Today, they are a popular breed among dog lovers, with its huge size but sweet temperament. They are great with children and they love being around people, always snuggling with their owners and even other pets.

Great Swiss Mountain Dog

The Great Swiss Mountain Dog is a versatile working dog and a gentle giant in the home. It is a calm and even-tempered dog, though it is slow to mature and can be difficult to train as a pup, traits that can test the patience of an ill-prepared owner. Fond of children and a natural protector, it lives for its family and is intensely loyal.


The Greyhound is a large, gentle, loyal dog which is extremely athletic. They are thought to have originated from the Middle East but have since been developed in Europe and in particular in Great Britain. They have minimal grooming requirements and can make good pets, although their sensitive nature can mean they are prone to suffering from separation anxiety.


Havanese is a toy dog breed originally from Cuba but popular all over the world. The Havanese is a cute, playful dog with a long, silky coat that may come in all colours. They are active and friendly, sometimes overly attached to their owners, being prone to separation anxiety. They are great companion dogs and are also used as therapy and assistance dogs.

Irish Setter

Developed as a hunting breed with many talents, the Irish Setter is a stunning, aristocratic-looking breed with a fabulous personality. Cheerful, affectionate, and mischievous, they make perfect family pets, as long as their humans have the energy to provide the necessary hours of exercise each day. They require a moderate amount of grooming, and need access to a good-sized garden.

Irish Terrier

The Irish Terrier is a medium sized, fiery, loyal and intelligent dog, originally used as an all-round farm dog in Ireland. The breed has few health problems, with a long lifespan of 13-14 years old. Day-to-day grooming is minimal, and they barely shed, although once to twice yearly stripping is necessary. They require lots of mental and physical stimulation and are affectionate with people but can be prone to getting into scraps with other dogs.

Irish Water Spaniel

The Irish Water Spaniel is a fun-loving, intelligent breed that is popular with hunters for its versatility and stamina. It is alert and naturally eager to please, though its mischievous streak can make it a handful for an inexperienced owner. With discipline and training, it makes a great family pet. Although its unusual coat needs some special care, it sheds very little.

Jack Russell Terrier

The Jack Russell Terrier is a small, feisty, loyal and intelligent working dog, originally developed in England, which is generally healthy and has minimal grooming requirements and a long lifespan. It is highly versatile and can adapt to different environments as long as it has sufficient environmental stimulation and is well exercised.


The Kangal is a courageous guardian of sheep flocks in its native Turkey. Bred to tackle wolves, bears, and even lions, it has a gentler side that can be seen in its protective and gentle nature when kept as a pet. It needs a firm and confident owner, but with the right guidance, it is a steady and good-natured companion and protector.

Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever is a medium sized, outgoing, friendly and intelligent dog, originally from Canada but developed in England, to retrieve fowl during shoots. An exceptionally lively but popular and highly trainable breed, which requires plenty of exercise to combat weight gain and is exceptionally good with children. The Labrador has a weather-proof coat, which sheds but does not require specialist grooming. Selection of a healthy family line is important to avoid some inherited health conditions.

Lakeland Terrier

The Lakeland Terrier is a sturdy and intelligent small dog, developed in its native Lake District to hunt and kill foxes bigger than itself. Far removed from this setting, the breed makes an excellent family dog, particularly for households without other pets. Its wiry coat does not shed, however, its tendency to bark means it may not be suitable for densely populated urban areas.

Lancashire Heeler

Bred as a nimble and brave drover’s dog in the Northwest of England, the Lancashire Heeler is a rare breed with a loyal following. It is an active, clever, and spirited breed that needs plenty of exercise and a firm owner. Its tendency to nip at ankles makes it unsuitable for very young children, and it may not always get along with smaller pets.


The Leonberger was bred to resemble a lion, but its temperament is anything but fierce. This gentle giant is renowned for its affectionate and submissive nature with its owners, and is sweet enough to make a suitable pet for children of all ages, despite often weighing over 60 kg. The breed is playful and energetic, needing a moderate amount of exercise and regular brushing.

Lhasa Apso

Lhasa Apsos were bred by the monks of ancient Tibet to be brave and confident sentinel dogs. As a result, this is a small dog with a big attitude! Distrustful of strangers, but loyal to his family, the Lhasa requires plenty of socialisation, and is not a dog for young children. The breed’s coat requires a lot of grooming, but they do not require much exercise, and can adapt to indoor living.


Frisky and fearless, the Maltese is a charming small dog with a big-dog personality. The breed thrives on affection and human contact, and can do very well in the confines of an apartment. However, if left alone for long periods they may become stressed and destructive. Their striking, elegant coat needs regular grooming, but they do not require excessive amounts of exercise.

Manchester Terrier

Lively, keen and assertive, the Manchester Terrier has been keeping homes and businesses free of rats and other pests for the past two hundred years. An able watch dog and a loyal companion, it needs regular exercise and discipline to manage its strong personality. Despite its many fine qualities, it is best-suited to homes without young children or small pets.


Truly a gentle giant, the Newfoundland has been credited with saving many lives at sea. Docile and intelligent, the breed is easily trained and very trustworthy with other pets and children. Newfies need a fair amount of grooming, and produce a lot of drool, which may be an issue for house-proud owners.

Norfolk Terrier

The Norfolk Terrier is a big character in a very compact frame. The breed was developed to control vermin in the farmyards of East Anglia – a task which it still performs well to this day. However, it is an affectionate and sociable pet, approaching life with a fearless and cheerful demeanour. It has modest exercise requirements, and is a great companion for children and other dogs.

Norwich Terrier

Like its cousin the Norfolk Terrier, the Norwich Terrier is a small dog with a big personality. Its background as a ratter and fox hunter gives it plenty of spark, and its affectionate, eager-to-please nature makes it a pleasure to be around. This is a highly sociable breed that gets along well with everyone and will happily integrate into a family with other dogs.

Old English Sheepdog

The Old English Sheepdog is an affectionate, intelligent family dog that thrives on companionship. Despite their shaggy appearance, these dogs are athletic, having been originally bred for working, and have high exercise requirements, as well as needing frequent and intensive grooming. They make excellent pets for young children, and are compatible with other smaller animals.


The Papillon is a very clever, confident, and energetic member of the Toy group of dogs. Coming from an aristocratic background, the breed can be aloof with strangers, but is affectionate and responsive to its family. Papillons are relatively easy to train, require surprisingly little grooming, and have moderate exercise requirements, making them ideal indoor companions.


Don’t let the Pekingese’s small stature fool you; this royal dog of ancient China has a big heart and a personality to match. Brave, bold, intelligent and stubborn, the breed has much to recommend it. However, it has intensive grooming requirements, can be difficult to train, does not enjoy the company of boisterous children, and may bark too much for some owners’ liking.


Pomeranians are toy dogs with a plush coat and foxy-like appearance that makes them irresistibly cute. They are friendly, lively, and curious dogs that enjoy being the centre of attention. They make good pets, as they are the happiest when next to people, but are still independent enough not to be too clingy. Though they can be headstrong, they are always loyal and affectionate.


The Poodle is an elegant, intelligent and happy breed of dog that comes in a variety of sizes. The Poodle is an excellent companion animal, as it is easy to train, and is eager to please. The curly Poodle coat requires frequent grooming, as it grows continuously and can turn into cords and mats. Poodle cross breeds are currently very popular.


The Pug is a small charismatic, happy, playful dog of extremely old oriental origins. Solely bred as a companion the Pug can make an excellent family pet. It has a short, stout appearance and does not require large amounts of exercise. Their coat requires minimal grooming, although it does shed. The breed is prone to several health problems, so careful selection of the healthiest family lines possible is important.

Pyrenean Mastiff

The Pyrenean Mastiff is an ancient guardian breed, long used by the Aragonian shepherds of Spain to protect their flocks from large predators like wolves and bears. The breed has retained a strong protective instinct, and despite its normally docile and gentle nature, is quick to put itself in harm’s way when it feels its family is threatened.

Pyrenean Mountain Dog

The Pyrenean Mountain Dog is a gentle, affectionate companion that is particularly good with children and smaller pets. However, it is also a loyal and fierce protector. Originally bred to guard livestock from predators and thieves, it is suspicious of strangers, and needs socialisation and persistent training to overcome any tendency to shyness or aggression.

Rat Terrier

Rat Terriers are smart, energetic, and cheerful dogs that crave human companionship and love to be praised. They can be quite stubborn and tend to go vocal when they are ignored. Still, they are affectionate pets and are very lively and intense, requiring lots of exercise and an active, playful life. They are good with children but wary of strangers, thus they make good watchdogs.

Rhodesian Ridgeback

The Rhodesian Ridgeback was developed as a cross between native South African dogs and various European breeds, producing a loyal and courageous hunter and guardian, capable of withstanding hunger, drought, and extremes of temperature. Ridgebacks are intelligent, reserved dogs, which make wonderful family pets, although their strength and power may make them unsuitable for young children.


The Rottweiler is a powerfully built, energetic, large breed, originally developed as a cattle droving and guard dog. In the right hands, Rotties make loyal and affectionate pets, but require firm leadership and early training to channel their strong instincts to defend their owners and property. This is a breed which is not suitable for novice dog owners.


The Samoyed is a cheerful, fun-loving dog that is great with children. It originated as a hunting and herding dog in the frozen tundra of Siberia, but has secured its place as a lovable family pet. Its thick coat requires a lot of work, and the breed has high energy levels, so needs to be exercised regularly.


The Miniature, Standard, and Giant Schnauzer are three different breeds of varying sizes, which share many characteristics, such as appearance and character. They originate from Germany are intelligent, tolerant dogs, which are very loyal and easy to train, although they need plenty of exercise. They are good with children and require little grooming on a daily basis but need stripping or clipping a few times a year. The health problems which can affect the Schnauzer vary depending on the type.

Scottish Deerhound

An imposing but sweet-natured hunting dog, favoured by the Scottish aristocracy for their deer hunts, the Scottish Deerhound has a wonderful nature that makes it a very appealing pet. It requires a lot of outdoor space, and unfortunately has a short lifespan, but can offer endless good humour and affection to those in the right setting to accommodate it.

Scottish Terrier

The Scottish Terrier is a serious and independent-minded character, befitting its origins as a working dog which kept farms around its native Aberdeen free of rodents. As a companion, it is lively and entertaining, as well as being an able guard dog. It often does not mix well with other pets, and may not be patient enough for small children.

Sealyham Terrier

The Sealyham Terrier was first bred to hunt badgers and otters in the Pembrokeshire countryside, but despite its tenacity in the field, it is the mildest-mannered of the terrier breeds. It is an affectionate and easy-going dog that gets along with pets and humans alike. Though it enjoyed a period of popularity in the mid-twentieth century, it is now something of a rarity.

Shar Pei

The Shar Pei is a long-established breed from China that was valued for its abilities as a guard dog and fighter. Almost extinct 40 years ago, the breed has become a very popular pet, although it is not easy to integrate with other dogs. Shar Peis are prone to several significant health problems, and puppies should be sourced from reputable breeders.

Shetland Sheepdog

There are few dogs as attractive and graceful as the Shetland Sheepdog. Though it looks like a miniature Rough Collie, the breeds do not share a common history. Shelties are very devoted to their people, from whom they do not like to be separated. They are hugely popular pets for their loyalty and intelligence, and make excellent companions for active owners.

Shiba Inu

The Shiba Inu is a brave, intelligent dog originally bred in Japan to hunt small birds and mammals in mountainous regions. It can make a good pet, but is best suited to homes without other small pets and young children. An ancient breed, Shiba Inus have strong personalities and high energy levels, and require regular exercise and firm training.

Shih Tzu

The Shih Tzu is a toy dog breed originated in the region of Tibet and bred to be a companion pet. It has a peculiar short muzzle and a long, silky coat. Despite its self-important, snobbish looks, the Shih Tzu is a friendly and affectionate dog, fond of people, children, and other animals, that lives its life in seek of love and attention.

Siberian Husky

The Siberian Husky is the smallest of the sled dogs and originates from the Soviet Arctic. The Chukchi Indians bred them as a multipurpose dog, providing a means of transport, as well as assistance hunting. They have a gentle, friendly character and a strong pack instinct. Their coat can shed heavily, but does not require any specialist grooming. The breed requires a lot of exercise to keep them happy and healthy and suffers from relatively few health problems.

Spanish Water Dog

The Spanish Water Dog is a versatile working dog that has only ventured beyond the farmyards of its homeland in relatively recent times. It is a very intelligent, energetic breed with a cheerful disposition, though it is reserved around strangers, and needs plenty of socialisation from a young age. Health problems are common, and puppies should only be bought from reputable breeders.

St. Bernard

The St. Bernard is an enormous, docile dog with a gentle nature. It was originally developed in Switzerland and rose to fame as a rescue dog. Today the breed can suffer from several health issues so selecting a healthy family line is important. The St. Bernard is best suited to cooler climates, as it has a think, dense coat, which requires regular brushing and the breed has medium exercise requirements.

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

Strong and fearless, Straffordshire Bull Terriers are also playful dogs with a fun-loving character and a keen desire to please their owners. Intelligent and very active, Staffies, as they are lovingly nicknamed, love to exercise and play, and they are particularly good with children. They are, however, dominant and not always friendly towards other animals, which is why they require firm leadership from an early age.

Tosa Inu

The Tosa-Inu is a breed of fighting dog still used in its native Japan for this purpose. It is a large, powerful breed, with the potential for aggressiveness in the wrong hands. It is not a suitable dog for a first-time owner or for families with children or other pets. Ownership of Tosas is very strictly controlled, and the breed is rare in the United Kingdom.


The Hungarian Vizsla and the Hungarian Wire Haired Vizsla are extremely active but loyal, gentle and affectionate dogs which originate from Hungary and have been bred as multi-purpose hunting and gundogs. They require plenty of time to provide sufficient mental and physical stimulation to keep them happy and healthy but need little grooming. Both breeds can suffer from some health problems so it is important breeding dogs are tested for inherited illnesses.


Weimaraners are large and elegant dogs with a distinctive blue coat and unusual eyes that give them a regal appearance. They are loyal and extremely attached to their owners, which can result in separation anxiety. They tend to be strong-willed and somehow challenging to train, as they are very intelligent and have a mind of their own. They love to run and they are great hunters.

Welsh Corgi

There are two different types of Welsh Corgi: the Cardigan Corgi and the Pembroke Corgi. They are both small dogs with long bodies and short legs. Originally bred in Wales for herding and driving cattle, Corgis are active dogs and require plenty of mental stimulation and socialisation from a young age. They have a short-to-medium length coat, which is dense and requires regular brushing.

Welsh Sheepdog

This rare breed is long-established as a versatile herding and guard dog on Welsh farms, but suffered a fall from favour in the past two hundred years from which it has not recovered. Like other working breeds, it has very high energy levels, and can be a handful when kept solely as a pet. It is highly intelligent and very protective, but is not the most suitable dog for children.

Welsh Springer Spaniel

The Welsh Springer Spaniel is one of the lesser-known gundog breeds, but is a gentle and cheerful character and makes a great companion. However, its very high energy levels mean that it requires a committed and energetic owner to keep it fit and healthy. Welsh Springers can be wary of strangers, but mix well with other animals.

Welsh Terrier

The Welsh Terrier was bred as a stoic and hardy small dog to pursue and kill foxes and badgers after they had ‘gone to ground’. This working origin yielded a tough, independent thinker that is full of personality. The breed can be a challenge for novice owners, but they make very good family pets, being tolerant of children.

West Highland White Terrier

The West Highland White is a medium sized, white terrier that is energetic, sociable, playful and independent. The Westie, like all terriers, will chase cats and other small animals, and will likely dig holes, chew and bark, but with the right training can make the perfect companion. The Westie is good-looking and fun dog, but as with most breeds, it is occasionally prone to health problems.


Whippets are smart, very alert, and docile, loving both exercise and curling up next to their owner. They make good pets to live in an apartment and are reliable companions, getting along well with both adults and children, despite their independent temperament. Because their hunting instinct was encouraged and kept over the years, they have a strong prey drive, and may chase other small pets – especially cats.

Wirehaired Pointing Griffon

The Wirehaired Pointing Griffon was developed in the nineteenth century by a huntsman who wished to create the ideal gundog. While many would argue that he succeeded in his aim, he may also have created the ideal pet. With a gentle, sociable nature and an eagerness to please, the breed is a pleasure to own – though it does need lots of exercise.

Yorkshire Terrier

The Yorkshire Terrier is a small, intelligent dog which is extremely affectionate. They are very quick to learn and easy to train, but can be overprotective. Yorkies do not require large amounts of exercise and can therefore make ideal pets for people living in cities. If left long their coat can require extensive grooming. Despite having a long lifespan, they can be prone to some health problems.

Dog Breeds